This is a study for people who have HIV and qualify to switch to or receive Dolutegravir containing antiretroviral therapy (ART, group of medicine used to treat HIV). Taking TLD (combination pill of three medicines for HIV, tenofovir-lamivudine-dolutegravir) has shown to be better tolerated, work better against the virus known as virologic efficacy, have fewer drug-drug interactions, and have less frequent onset of HIV drug resistance than Efavirenz containing ART. In August 2017, a decision was made to start using TLD for first- and second-line ART in many places in the world. This study is designed to help us understand the risks and benefits of TLD roll-out in low- and middle-income countries that may not use viral load testing and HIV resistance testing (a way to measure if a drug will work against your HIV) to guide ART management.  Each participant will be assigned to one of four groups:

  • Group 1: Participants switching to TLD, after taking prior anti-HIV medication that contains a NNRTI drug (a group of medicines scientifically known as non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as Efavirenz or Nevirapine).
  • Group 2: Participants switching to TLD, after taking anti-HIV medication that contains a PI drug (a group of medicines scientifically known as protease inhibitors, such as Lopinavir or Atazanavir).
  • Group 3: Participants taking TLD and receiving medication for TB (tuberculosis) that includes the drug rifampicin. These participants must be starting one or both of these medications when they enter the study.
  • Group 4: Participants starting TLD who have not taken anti-HIV medication before.

There will be 1350 participants enrolled in the study.

Purpose of the study

To better understand risks and benefits of Tenofovir-Lamivudine-Dolutegravir (TLD) roll out in programs done in low- and middle-income countries.

Requirements to enter the study

Persons with HIV  age 10 years or older

Body weight at least 30 kg

Starting or switching to Tenofovir-Lamivudine-Dolutegravir (TLD)

Currently receiving or planning to receive care in a program supported by the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDs Relief (PEPFAR).

Study Treatment

There will be no treatment provided through the study.

Duration

Each participant will be followed for 36 months.

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