Hospital Road, P.O. Box 1357
A5354: Effect of Antiretroviral Treatment Initiated During Acute HIV-1 Infection on Measures of HIV-1 Persistence and on HIV-1-Specific Immune Responses
Will evaluate whether starting antiretroviral drugs very early in HIV infection will limit the virus from getting into hidden areas of the body (reservoirs) and change how the immune system helps to control the virus.
This study will include people who have very recently been infected with HIV and will start anti-HIV (antiretroviral) drugs right away to see how this may change HIV’s impact on the body.
HIV (and comorbidities)
A5381: Observational Cohort to Assess Therapeutic Efficacy and Emergence of HIV Drug Resistance Following Initiation of Tenofovir-Lamivudine-Dolutegravir (TLD) for First- or Second-Line ART
This is a study for people who have HIV and qualify to switch to or receive Dolutegravir containing antiretroviral therapy (ART, group of medicine used to treat HIV). Taking TLD (combination pill of three medicines for HIV, tenofovir-lamivudine-dolutegravir) has shown to be better tolerated, work better against the virus known as virologic efficacy, have fewer drug-drug interactions, and have less frequent onset of HIV drug resistance than Efavirenz containing ART. In August 2017, a decision was made to start using TLD for first- and second-line ART in many places in the world. This study is designed to help us understand the risks and benefits of TLD roll-out in low- and middle-income countries that may not use viral load testing and HIV resistance testing (a way to measure if a drug will work against your HIV) to guide ART management. Each participant will be assigned to one of four groups:
- Group 1: Participants switching to TLD, after taking prior anti-HIV medication that contains a NNRTI drug (a group of medicines scientifically known as non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as Efavirenz or Nevirapine).
- Group 2: Participants switching to TLD, after taking anti-HIV medication that contains a PI drug (a group of medicines scientifically known as protease inhibitors, such as Lopinavir or Atazanavir).
- Group 3: Participants taking TLD and receiving medication for TB (tuberculosis) that includes the drug rifampicin. These participants must be starting one or both of these medications when they enter the study.
- Group 4: Participants starting TLD who have not taken anti-HIV medication before.
There will be 1350 participants enrolled in the study.
A5379: B-Enhancement of HBV vaccination in persons living with HIV (BEe-HIVe): Evaluation of HEPLISAV-B
A5379 is a study looking at hepatitis B vaccination in adults living with HIV. Hepatitis B is a serious viral infection that affects the liver and is transmitted through blood and body fluids. The study will involve individuals who have received a previous hepatitis B vaccination but the vaccine did not respond well and individuals who have never received the vaccination. The study will take place both in the US and internationally. The study will compare how well an individual responds to the vaccine in different groups based on the type of vaccine and number of doses.