Real-time nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay to quantify changes in mitochondrial DNA concentrations in cell cultures and blood cells from HIV-infected patients receiving antiviral therapy.

TitleReal-time nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay to quantify changes in mitochondrial DNA concentrations in cell cultures and blood cells from HIV-infected patients receiving antiviral therapy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsTimmermans EC, Tebas P, Ruiter JPN, Wanders RJA, de Ronde A, de Baar MP
JournalClin Chem
Volume52
Issue6
Pagination979-87
Date Published2006 Jun
ISSN0009-9147
KeywordsAnti-HIV Agents, Base Sequence, Blood Platelets, Cell Nucleus, Cells, Cultured, Didanosine, DNA, Mitochondrial, Drug Therapy, Combination, Feasibility Studies, Fibroblasts, HIV Infections, Humans, Indinavir, Lactic Acid, Lamivudine, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques, Pyruvic Acid, Stavudine, Zalcitabine
Abstract

BACKGROUND: To study the clinical relevance of changes in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) attributable to HIV infection and/or combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), a high-throughput molecular assay to quantify mtDNA is required.

METHODS: We developed a quantitative real-time duplex nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay in which both mtDNA and nuclear DNA are simultaneously amplified in 1 tube. The assay could accurately quantify mtDNA in a range of 15-1500 copies of mtDNA per 2 genomic copies with an intrarun variation of 11% and an interrun variation of 16%. We compared this real-time assay with the lactate/pyruvate ratios in fibroblasts incubated with glucose and exposed to zalcitabine. Additionally, we studied the effects of platelet contamination and the in vivo effects of cART on mtDNA in PBMCs from a small group of patients.

RESULTS: Decreases in mtDNA preceded the increase in lactate/pyruvate ratios and vice versa when zalcitabine was eliminated from the culture. Platelets affected the mtDNA in PBMCs if >5 platelets per PBMC were present. Within 12 weeks, mtDNA increased and remained increased in PBMCs from patients on continuous treatment with zidovudine/lamivudine/indinavir therapy (P = 0.03), but increased if patients were switched to stavudine/didanosine therapy (P = 0.008).

CONCLUSION: After drug exposure, the mtDNA assay can detect changes in mtDNA concentrations in cell lines and PBMCs, when properly controlled for platelet effects, earlier than traditional assays.

DOI10.1373/clinchem.2005.062901
Alternate JournalClin. Chem.
PubMed ID16601068
Grant ListAI-06395 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
AI-25903 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
AI-32783 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States